Anthony Friedkin: The Gay Essay
Anthony Enton Friedkin (American, b.1949). Jean Harlow, Drag Queen Ball, Long Beach, 1971. Gelatin silver print. 14 x 11 in. Anonymous gift. 2011.58.2
© Anthony Friedkin
June 14, 2014–January 11, 2015
SAN FRANCISCO (March 25, 2014)—The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco are pleased to present Anthony Friedkin: The Gay Essay, a photographic series of more than 75 vintage prints that chronicles the gay communities of Los Angeles and San Francisco from 1969 to 1973. Coinciding with San Francisco’s annual Pride events and the 45th anniversary of the Stonewall riots in New York City, this exhibition will be on view at the de Young from June 14, 2014 through January 11, 2015.
For more than 40 years, American photographer Anthony Friedkin (b.1949) has documented people, cities and landscapes primarily in his home state of California. The Gay Essay, created during the culturally tumultuous years of the late 1960s and early 1970s—a turning point in the history of political activism in the gay community in the United States—offers an expressive visual chronology of a vital moment of historic change in our culture.
“We are proud to present The Gay Essay in its full depth and range for the first time. It accords with our goal of bringing to light important, and sometimes neglected or overlooked, bodies of work that enrich the history and study of photography, a medium that is central to art and society today,” said Colin B. Bailey, director of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. “We are delighted that 94 vintage prints from The Gay Essay are now part of our permanent collection, thanks to the generosity of donors Dan and Mary Solomon and Nancy Ascher and John Roberts.”
A native of Los Angeles, Friedkin began taking photographs at age 8 and was developing film in a darkroom at age 11. The artist formed a deep connection to the medium and later sought to combine a photojournalistic tradition with an individual statement. In the spring of 1969, when Friedkin was 19 years old, he embarked on The Gay Essay as a self-assigned project. His goal was to create the first extensive record of gay life in Los Angeles and San Francisco, and to chart the emerging and shifting visibility of the gay communities in California.
Influenced by the work of Henri Cartier-Bresson, André Kertész and Josef Koudelka, among others, Friedkin found his place in an approach that retained the outward-looking spirit of reportage combined with individual discovery. As an extrovert with an avid curiosity, he developed close relationships with his subjects that enabled him to create portraits that are intimate and devoid of judgment. He did not aim to document gay life in Los Angeles and San Francisco slavishly, but rather to show men and women who were trying to live openly, expressing their individualities and sexualities on their own terms, and improvising ways to challenge the dominant culture. Whether photographing in city streets, motels, bars or dancehalls, Friedkin approached his subjects with an open and inquiring mind to achieve empathic portraits that celebrate pride, dignity and the expression of love between people of the same gender.
“More than four decades after this work was created, The Gay Essay stands as both a record of historic change in our culture and an eloquent testimony to Anthony Friedkin’s passion for the art of photography,” said Julian Cox, curator of the exhibition and chief administrative curator and founding curator of photography at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. “We are left with a beautiful, sensitive record fit for the ages.”
While selections from The Gay Essay have been on public display in museums and galleries in the past, the entire scope of the series will be shown for the first time at the de Young. Accompanying the original full-frame black-and-white prints will be contact prints, documents and other materials from the photographer’s archive and loans from the San Francisco Public Library and the San Francisco Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Historical Society that provide valuable historical context and insight into the conception and execution of the work.
This exhibition is organized by the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.
144 pages. $45 hardcover. Published in association with Yale University Press.
Purchase at the FAMSF Museum Stores or online at shop.famsf.org.
In partnership with the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Daylight has reproduced the original 1973‒1975 maquette of Anthony Friedkin's The Gay Essay (exhibited at the de Young for the first time) along with audio commentary by the artist and ephemera related to the work.
Daylight is an organization dedicated to sharing art and stories via print and digital media experiences termed “Editions.” Daylight Editions incorporate rich media (images, audio, video, text) and sharing functionality to offer immersive encounters with works of art, the stories behind them and their makers. Through partnerships with museums, galleries, artists and collectors, Daylight Editions serve as companions to exhibitions and printed publications.
For free access to the digital edition, visit: www.daylight.co/thegayessay
Golden Gate Park, 50 Hagiwara Tea Garden Drive, San Francisco, CA 94118
Open 9:30 a.m.‒5:15 p.m. Tuesdays–Sundays; open select holidays; closed most Mondays
$10 adults; $7 seniors (65 and above); $6 students with current ID; $6 youths 13–17. Members and children 12 and under are admitted free. General admission is free the first Tuesday of every month. Tickets available at deyoungmuseum.org. Prices subject to change.
About the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, comprising the de Young Museum in Golden Gate Park and the Legion of Honor in Lincoln Park, are the largest public arts institution in San Francisco.
The de Young originated from the 1894 California Midwinter International Exposition and was established as the Memorial Museum. Thirty years later, it was renamed in honor of Michael H. de Young, a longtime champion of the museum. The present copper-clad, landmark building, designed by Herzog and de Meuron, opened in October 2005. It showcases the institution’s significant collections of American painting, sculpture, and decorative arts from the 17th to the 21st centuries; art from Africa, Oceania, and the Americas; costume and textile arts; and international modern and contemporary art.
The Legion of Honor was inspired by the French pavilion, a replica of the Palais de la Légion d’Honneur in Paris, at San Francisco’s Panama-Pacific International Exposition of 1915. The museum opened in 1924 in the Beaux Arts–style building designed by George Applegarth on a bluff overlooking the Golden Gate Bridge. Its holdings span four thousand years and include European painting, sculpture, and decorative arts; ancient art from the Mediterranean basin; and the largest collection of works on paper in the American West.
Download exhibition images in this media gallery.