Eskimo and Inuit people believe all living things, even inanimate objects, possess yua, a spirit or a soul. Carved masks, sculptures, and everyday objects reflect not only their time-honored beliefs and traditions, but also their gratitude and respect for the spirits, animals, land, and sea
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Jade artifacts have provided critical direct and indirect evidence for reconstructing parts of Olmec rituals and beliefs. This presentation surveys the range of Olmec jade artifacts and their functions and meanings, with a focus on jade axes and their non-utilitarian uses. Jade objects were placed in special offerings and burials. Others are depicted on stone monuments or inscribed with special depictions themselves.